General Information

Iran, a Middle Eastern country south of the Caspian Sea and north of the Persian Gulf, is three times the size of Arizona. It shares borders with Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. The Alburz Mountains in the north rise to 18,603 ft (5,670 m) at Mount Damavand. From northwest to southeast, the country is crossed by a desert 800 mi (1,287 km) long. Iran has been an Islamic theocracy since the Pahlavi monarchy regime was overthrown on Feb. 11, 1979.

Land area:

  • 631,659 sq mi (1,635,999 sq km)

Total Area:

  • 636,296 sq mi (1,648,000 sq km)

Population

  • 76,923,300 (2010 est)
  • 74,700,000 (2010 census)
  • Growth rate: 1.1%
  • Birth rate: 17.0/1000
  • Infant mortality rate: 40.3/1000
  • Life expectancy: 70.3
  • Density per sq mi: 116.6

Capital:

  • Tehran 7,796,257

Other large city:

  • Mashhad, 2,410,800
  • Isfahan, 1,583,609
  • Tabriz, 1,398,060

Monetary unit:

  • Rial

 

Ethnicity/race

  • Persian 51%
  • Azerbaijani 24%
  • Gilaki, Mazandarani 8%
  • Kurd 7%
  • Arab 3%
  • Lur 2%
  • Baloch 2%
  • Turkmen 2%
  • Other 1%

 

Language

  • Persian 58%
  • Turkic 26%
  • Kurdish 9%
  • Luri 2%
  • Balochi 1%
  • Arabic 1%
  • Turkish 1%
  • Other 2%

Public Holiday:

  • Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution
  • Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatemah
  • Oil Nationalisation Day
  • Noruz (Iranian New Year)
  • Noruz
  • Noruz
  • Noruz
  • Islamic Republic Day
  • Sizdehbedar (Nature Day)
  • Imam Ali’s Birthday
  • The Prophet’s Acension
  • Imam Mahdi’s Birthday
  • Demise of Imam Khomeini
  • Khordad National Uprising (1963)
  • Martyrdom of Imam Ali
  • Eid Al-Fitr
  • Eid Al-Fitr
  • Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq
  • Eid Al-Adha
  • Eid Al-Ghadir
  • Tassoua
  • Ashura
  • Arbaeen
  •  Martyrdom of Imam Reza
  • Birthday of Muhammad