History of Iran
The flat of Iran has been considered by the various tribes and due to its special geographical location and climate variation, it has become the cradle of the early civilizations of humanity. The remains of the burned city where dating back more than 5000 years ago in Sistan and the Silak hills in Kashan, with the same age, are demonstrated the ancient civilization of this land. However, these civilizations were defeated by the ravages of the Aryan Tribes, but this ravages turned into a turning-point in the history of human civilization; and the eternal name was formed for this land; Iran means the land of Arians.
The world’s first empire, where 40% of the world’s known population were settled, was founded by Cyrus the Great 2500 years ago.
He was the founder of the modern civilization by writing the first human rights charter, constructing cities, roads and qanats, the formation of posts, the permanent and regular army and also paying the salaries and retirement in the world. He left behind the most eye-catching heritages such as Persepolis, Pasargadae, Bisotun and Apadana Palace.
Although the Achaemenid Era was destroyed by Macedonian Alexander around 330 BC, and the city of Parsseh (Persepolis) was burned down by his command but these days the remains of it, is the most significant symbol of Iranian civilization in the world.
The Greeks’ domination was short, and the Parthians returned the power to the Iranian nation.
The Sassanid Dynasty came to power after the Parthians, and it returned the glory of the Achaemenid Era to Iran, the Iran-Rome wars was begun in the Parthians Era, it has been continued to Sasanid Era, which was accompanied by the victory of Iranians and many scripts were created to commemorate those victories. Today you can visit Naghshe Rostam, Taq Bostan, Chogan Canyon, Bishapur and Firoozabad Fars in that area.
There are many monuments form the Sassanid Era which the most important of them are the Takhte Soleyman, the Falqalaflak Castle, and the Anahita Temple in Kazeroon.
The Sassanid dynasty was become extinct by attacking Arab to Iran in the seventh century. They made the Iranians became Muslim at the time of arrival, like The rest of the deceased nations. And over time, the most of Iranians have eagerly become Muslim. And they tried to develop the social, scientific and artistic. In addition to constructing Naghshe Jahan Square, the unique mosques, Azerbaijan Catarrhal Complex, Sheikh Safi Odin Shrine, Iranian Garden and Tabriz Bazaar; they introduced the famous scientists such as Ibne Sina, Mola Sadra, Farabi, Khayam, Kharazmi, Zakaria Razi, Aboreyhan Biruni to the world.
Nowadays, Iran is one of the most developed and safest tourism attraction in the Middle East. Due to its diverse nature, many historical monuments (including 21 registered UNESCO World Heritage sites), unique culture and art, it can give you a new experience of traveling.