Iran is located on the Iranian plateau in southwest Asia, where it is known the Middle East in politic. Due to its geographical location, Iran has a great deal of climate variation so You can experience your favorite season almost each time a year.
For example; You can ski near Tehran, Shiraz or Isfahan and take a one-hour flight to Qeshm and swim there!
There are two mountain ranges in Iran, Alborz in north and Zagros in west. Damavand (5610 m) is the highest peak in the Alborz mountain ranges and Dena (4409 m) in Zagros, which due to its unique nature and the rare species of animals, there are numerous national parks for trekking, camping or climbing.
In these areas, the temperature of the highlands, is between – 5 °C up to 25 ° C in the summer and -40 ° C up to 10 ° C in the winter. You can also find a beautiful nature in the valleys that is suitable for climbing and rafting.
There are more than 20 different plains in different parts of Iran; and interestingly, you can always find a plain, full of flowers in any season. The most beautiful of them are the overturned tulips plain in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Fars Narges Plain, Moghan plain in Ardebil and the Great Plain of Khuzestan.
Caspian Sea is in north of Iran with its beautiful shores and rare and eye-catching nature, Persian Gulf and Oman sea are located in south with sandy, rocky or coral beaches. Boating, diving and fishing are very common in these areas. There are a beautiful Qeshm island with its unique ecosystem and Kish Island with its beautiful and charming coral reefs.
There are two main desert in Iran,” Dashte Kavir” in center and “Lut Desert” in South East. It is seen rocky areas, sandy hills and shores with its own vegetation and wildlife. Lut Desert has been registered in Unesco World Heritage site list since 2016. It is interesting to know that the Gandom Beryan in Lut is the hottest place in the world.
The most Iran’s forests are located in the between the Caspian Sea and the Alborz mountain range. Hara forests in Qeshm and southern coasts (Mangrove trees), Zagros Oak forests, Hyrcanian forests (its tigers was mentioned by Shakespeare in Macbeth), and Arasbaran forests are the most significant of them.